Racism and Covid-19
It is well established that hated or painful aspects of ourselves – often unconscious – can be split off from our individual or group identity and attributed to “other” individuals or groups. This need to find a bad ‘other’ to attract unwanted characteristics or feelings has characterised prejudice since time immemorial.
Hence racism seems endemic to all identified human groups. Australia has a long and continuous history of (disavowed) racism that originated towards First Peoples. This has shifted regularly in the last 60 years with waves of migrants, between Jews, continental Europeans, Asians – Vietnamese, Chinese, Indians; and Muslims. These groups differ from those with an Anglo-Saxon heritage, but racism occurs between all identity groups.
Against the background of these well-established understandings of the dynamics of group behaviour, we must ask ourselves why the rate and intensity of racism has increased dramatically during the Covid-19 pandemic?
The broader global context and currents before the pandemic produced the unleashing of racism in Trump’s America; international anti- Muslim acts; anti-Western terrorism; increased anti-Semitism in Europe, America and Australia; the rise of authoritarian nationalism in many countries.
Of grave current concern is the rise of far-right white supremacists and Christian fundamentalists both stoking anxiety and hate in the name of either love or salvation and offering their devotees omnipotent and grandiose solutions. They do this while whipping up mob-behaviour and in the pandemic, obstructing community health measures, or demanding “religious freedom” to worship counter to health regulations and actively encouraging their followers to flout self-distancing measures while promising “Jesus’ protection” from the Covid-19 virus. For example:
What social dynamics might religious fundamentalism and racism have in common? And why has the pandemic unleashed and intensified such primitive conduct? These are worthwhile topics for socioanalytic thinkers to examine.
In brief, racists and religious extremists share a number of characteristics, the most notable of which is that they are anti-thinking, and anti-complexity. In the face of intense global anxiety they offer simple solutions that treat thinking with contempt and offer hope, safety and salvation. Philip Stokoe describes what he calls “fundamentalist thinking” (or more accurately ‘non-thinking’), in his penetrating papers and broadcasts:
The Covid-19 pandemic is a very useful vehicle to which these power-seeking movements can attach: an invisible, terrifying enemy, identified with China (and indiscriminately therefore, associated with anyone of Asian appearance – ‘other/foreigner ’). And maliciously and deliberately called the “Chinese virus”.
And how does the pandemic become associated with anti-Semitism? As Gareth Narunsky describes in a recent piece in the Australian Jewish News (April 30th 2020).
“Accusations that Jews created coronavirus, that affected Jews are being punished, and calling COVID-19 the “Jew flu” are just some examples of antisemitism expressed online by Australians during the current pandemic. It comes amid a global trend of antisemitism tied to the outbreak, with Israeli Foreign Minister Israel Katz saying this week that antisemitism, which was already on the rise, “has gotten another boost”.